|Palladio was fascinated with Rome's Pantheon's deep front portico and shell-like dome.|
|Palladio was also intrigued by the Portico d'Ottavio in the|
ghetto of Rome, even designing a "conjectural reconstruction"
Palladio turned his interest in ancient Roman architecture into the immensely influential I Quattro Libri dell'Architettura ("The Four Books of Architecture"), the first major work on architecture in Italian rather than Latin. As one curator noted, "Palladio's book has probably exerted more influence than any other architectural treatise before or since."
The deep, symmetrical front portico and the shell-like dome of the Pantheon are the hallmarks of much of Palladian architecture.
|One of Inigo Jones's first designs for the Queen's House London|
(Greenwich) - showing the absolute symmetry in Palladio-
inspired design, symmetry that England loved.
St Martin-in-the-Fields in London, built in the early 18th century, uses the deep portico. And, as our curator noted, "Churches based on this model have been built ever since."
The original US Capitol (burned by the British in 1814) "was in the Anglo-Palladian tradition and had a central Pantheon-type saucer dome."
|St Martin-in-the-Fields, London, inspired by|
Palladio and then a template for hundreds of
|Vicenza on a hot July evening.|
|Villa Barbara, also known as Villa di Maser, by Palladio in theVeneto|
|"Negro Church" - South Carolina, echoing the St.|
Much of the information and the architectural photos in this post are from an excellent exhibit at the Royal Institute of British Architects, London, "Palladio Design - the Good, the Bad and the Unexpected," with exhibition text by Charles Hind and Vicky Wilson. That exhibit has closed, but the RIBA has frequent exhibitions featuring Palladio.
|And a bit of modern Palladianism: Town Hall, Padua, Italy, by Aldo Rossi, completed 1938.|